You probably never think about the color of your urine, but it can sometimes give you clues that you need to check on a medical problem. What color should you see when you glance in the toilet before you flush? Read on for a look at what the different colors may mean.
Pale yellow. This is a good sign that you’ve been drinking enough fluids and are well hydrated. Keep up the good work! If you’ve been drinking a huge amount of water, your urine may have almost no color. In that case, you could probably back off a little on the hydration.
Very dark yellow. You should probably up your H2O consumption. Very dark yellow urine is a sign of dehydration. Another possible explanation could be a medication you’re taking. For instance, phenazopyridine, which is sometimes prescribed for people with urinary tract infections, can turn urine dark yellow or orange.
Red or pink. This might be a sign of blood in your urine. It could be caused by prostate problems, kidney stones, a urinary tract infection, or even a tumor. Other less worrying causes—certain medications or lots of beets, blackberries, or blueberries in your diet. If your diet or medications don’t explain pinkish urine, definitely see a doctor.
Green or blue urine. This is usually caused by food dyes in something you ate or medications you’re taking, for instance, the allergy medicine promethazine. It could also be a sign a rare genetic disorder called familial hypercalcemia—but again, that’s rare.
Dark brown. This could be a sign that you’re extremely dehydrated—if that’s the case, you’re probably noticing other symptoms as well, such as headache, dizziness, dry skin, and rapid heartbeat. You need to see a doctor immediately.
Dark brown urine could also point to a liver problem, or if you’ve had melanoma, it could signal that the cancer is progressing.
Then again, it might just mean you’ve been eating fava beans or rhubarb or that you’re taking medication that colors your urine. If the dark color persists, definitely see a doctor.
If you’re concerned about the color of your urine or other urinary tract issues, the staff at Affiliated Urologists are happy to talk with you.
Affiliated Urologists is an award-winning practice recognized both locally and nationally that has provided service to patients in Phoenix, Scottsdale, and surrounding communities in the Valley, for over 40 years. The physicians emphasize top-of-the-line comprehensive urological care and strive to deliver the highest outcomes for patient satisfaction. To make an appointment, call 602-264-0608 or contact us for instructions on scheduling an appointment.
The advice and information contained in this article is for educational purposes only, and is not intended to replace or counter a physician’s advice or judgment. Please always consult your physician before taking any advice learned here or in any other educational medical material.